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Present in ten out of ten Brazilian cuisines, garlic can be grown at home. Check out.
Garlic is an easy-to-grow herb – can be planted in vases in flower pots – and requires minimal care after planting. The seasoning, widely used in Brazilian cuisine, has gastronomic and medicinal applications. The herb has annual periodicity, grows little and each seedling requires little space to develop.
It is possible to grow white or purple garlic in the gardens, but the heads develop satisfactorily in small pots. Garlic requires at least seven months to develop the first bulbs. It is an autumn-winter plant, but can develop throughout the year – in some regions of the country, it is common to plant it on Good Friday.
The plant develops in well drained soils, with water escaping soon after irrigation, neutral or slightly acidic (pH between 6.5 and 7). This feature can be checked in the gardening and horticulture stores. Garlic likes sunbathing: cultivate the seasoning in bright areas, provided with direct sunlight.
The Benefits of Garlic
Garlic is considered a superfood: the teeth of this seasoning, in addition to providing flavors and aromas unique to the dishes, are rich in vitamins, minerals and amino acids and for this, the garlic must participate in any healthy and balanced diet.
A compound of garlic – ajoene – is rich in natural antioxidants, which fights excess free radicals and prevents against cardiovascular diseases, cerebral and peripheral vascular diseases. The substance protects against thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and strokes of the brain and brain.
Preliminary studies indicate that ajoene also reduces the likelihood of some types of cancer, such as skin, colon and prostate. The high concentration of selenium and vitamin C present in garlic ensures the elimination of toxins and protects the excretory system from the kidneys to the urethra. In addition, vitamin C is useful for preventing colds and flu.
The antioxidants in garlic help reduce inflammation, virus infections, fungi and bacteria (garlic fights even Koch’s bacillus, the vector of tuberculosis) as well as painful processes, such as those caused by arthritis, arthritis and osteoporosis. The consumption of garlic is especially indicated during menopause.
Regular consumption of garlic reduces the chances of developing gastritis and ulcer. Allicin, in contact with water, produces a kind of gel that lines the gastric mucosa, reducing the attack of irritating substances to the internal cells in the stomach. Allicin also favors the regularization of arterial blood pressure.
Continue tempering your dishes with garlic: Vegetable also helps control cholesterol, reducing LDL and increasing LDL. Garlic prevents the formation of atheromas and thrombi (fat plaques in the blood vessels).
How To Grow Garlic at Home
A bulb, cultivated in the ground at a shallow depth – between three and four centimeters of surface – can be buried whole. Once planted, it generates a kind of vine (the new heads of garlic will be generated in the soil).
If you decide to plant it indoors, choose a location near a window. This ensures the sun baths necessary for the development of the plant and reduces the approach of parasites, such as house flies, that can compromise the health of the plant.
Be very careful with watering. The leaves and stems can be sprayed with water, but the soil can not become soggy, in which the garlic cloves may even rot. The vase should have a minimum height of 20 centimeters and the heads of garlic should be arranged ten centimeters apart from the other vines and the sides of the vase.
To ensure a good development, mix three parts of soil with a sand gardening part, which ensures greater dryness for sowing. Leave a margin of one inch between the earth and the top of the pot: growing, the new heads of garlic will push the earth upwards.
Plant the garlic cloves leaving the surface flatter down. Do not forget to leave the pot in a place that allows the water to drain from the waterings. The soil must be moist, but never soaked. If you decide to leave the pot in a warmer place, you will need to water the garlic seedlings more often.
When the garlic begins to germinate, before the vines, leaves similar to those of the spring onions will appear. When the first buds of flowers appear, cut them immediately, so that the energy of the plant is concentrated in the roots, favoring the development of the bulbs.
The vines will grow ten to twelve centimeters high, hard and relatively dry. At this point, wait a few days, so they start to show signs of rotting (they darken and appear to be dying): it is a sign that the heads of garlic can already be harvested.
Put the harvested garlic in a cool, dry environment and wait a week before using the new teeth so that excessive moisture evaporates. The home-grown plantation is now ready for consumption. The teeth can be used in natura or dry and roasted, to guarantee longer life.
The ideal is to get seedlings in gardening stores. The garlic bought in markets and greengrocers receive chemical treatment that slows the germination , which, almost always, only occurs when we forget them in the fruit bowl and even in the refrigerator.
Growing garlic at home can produce strong odors, which spread throughout the house. When cutting a clove of garlic, it is possible to observe the presence of an internal capsule, apparently hollow but full of a compound of carbon, hydrogen and sulfur – allicin. This substance is responsible for leaving our fingers “scented” when we slice our teeth.
Do not hesitate to pick the planted garlic as soon as the vines begin to show signs of deterioration. Older garlic cloves tend to create deformities and “eyes” of intoxication, making them unfit for consumption.
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